Necrosis

The death of cells or tissue. In laryngology, necrosis is seen most commonly after radiation therapy to the larynx for cancer treatment. Radiation kills the tumor but at the same time damages the blood supply of normal tissue on a permanent basis. Necrosis in this instance is called “radionecrosis.” Or, necrosis could result from trauma (a physical wound) that disrupts blood supply, or occasionally in the context of ulcerative laryngitis, which seems to necrose the superficial layers of the vocal cords. Necrotic tissue typically sloughs off down to viable (living) tissue.


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