Laryngocele

Saccule blocks airway

A disorder in which the laryngeal saccule is inflated and becomes abnormally enlarged. A common symptom of a laryngocele is hoarseness. How it develops: The laryngeal saccule, or laryngeal appendix, is a very small blind sac—a dead-end corridor, so to speak—which is located just above the vocal cords, one on each side, and is lined […]

Stenosis

Tracheal stenosis

Abnormal narrowing of a passageway in the body. At our practice, stenosis typically refers to narrowing in the breathing passage, such as for narrowing in the glottic, subglottic, or tracheal areas. Stenosis in the airway can be the result of prolonged endotracheal intubation, external trauma such as gunshot wound, crush injury, or tracheotomy, an inflammatory […]

Cryptococcus Neoformans

laryngeal vestibule

Cryptococcus neoformans laryngitis is a rare fungal infection of the larynx. The infection usually occurs as a primary pulmonary infection but can spread to other regions of the body. Common characteristics of cryptococcus neoformans include longstanding hoarseness, sore throat, or edema of the vocal cords. Cryptococcus neoformans laryngitis is treated with oral anti-fungal medications such […]

SLAD-R

Six years post SLAD-R

SLAD-R (Selective laryngeal adductor denervation-reinnervation). This procedure was introduced by Dr. Gerald Berke of UCLA in the late 1990’s. It is a surgical option for adductory spasmodic dysphonia. The concept is to sever the anterior branch of the recurrent laryngeal nerve. This denervates the spasming laryngeal adductors (particularly thyroarytenoid and lateral cricoarytenoid muscles). The squeezed, strained […]

Pharyngeal Paralysis

Pharyngeal paralysis

The pharynx (loosely “throat”) has a “foodway” function to convey food and liquid from the mouth to the esophagus. It also serves as part of the “airway,” also from mouth into the larynx and trachea. These foodway/airway functions are kept separate so food and liquid do not enter the airway towards the lungs. At the […]

Croup

Croup

Also known as laryngotracheitis or laryngotracheobronchitis, croup 1 is a primarily pediatric viral disease affecting the larynx and trachea. Though it may resemble a simple cold at first, the infection causes a loud barking cough and stridor (unusual, high-pitched breathing noises indicating partial airway obstruction). The majority of cases are caused by parainfluenza viruses (types […]

Chondroma

Chondroma of thyroid cartilage

Chondroma is a benign growth composed of cartilage cells. Chondroma of Thyroid Cartilage

Thyrohyoid Syndrome

A little-known inflammatory condition of the lateral thyrohyoid ligament and nearby tissues in the neck. The connective tissues in this area comprise in practical terms a floating “joint” that attaches the larynx to the hyoid bone. Inflammation of unknown cause can lead to a syndrome similar to tennis elbow, so that the point of attachment becomes chronically sore. […]

Pharyngocutaneous Fistula

Pharyngocutaneous fistula

Pharyngocutaneous fistula is the leaking of saliva outside of the pharynx (“throat” part of the swallowing passage) through a defect in the pharyngeal mucosa lining. This may occur transiently in up to 20% of persons who have undergone total laryngectomy, with the sixth postoperative day the peak time of incidence. Prior radiation therapy seems to […]

IA-Only Paresis

IA-only paresis

IA-only paresis refers to weakness or paralysis of the larynx’s interarytenoid (IA) muscle—an unpaired muscle spanning between the bodies of both arytenoid cartilages—but with normal function of the other muscles in the larynx. The IA muscle helps to bring the posterior commissure together for voice production and, more specifically, to bring the bodies or “heels” […]