A peculiar and uncommon type of laryngitis that causes the mucosa to ulcerate. With ulcerative laryngitis, there is usually a white area of apparent mucosal necrosis with a surrounding rim of intense erythema. Recovery of voice is slow, often taking several weeks, in contrast to more typical forms of laryngitis. The causative agent is not known to us at our practice, though we have some theories.
Ulcerative laryngitis (1 of 4)
Ulcerated area, free margin of both vocal cords. When diagnosed at this early stage, the patient is notified that recovery will likely require as much as six weeks.
Ulcerative laryngitis (2 of 4)
Same view, but using narrow band illumination to accentuate the ulcers.
1 month later: ulcerative laryngitis healing (3 of 4)
One month later, under narrow band illumination. Ulceration dramatically diminished.
Vocal cord ulcer (1 of 2)
In a patient who had had hoarseness lasting several months, this inflammatory lesion of the right vocal cord (left of image) was identified. There is hazy leukoplakia surrounding a central intensely erythematous ulcer. It most resembles an aphthous ulcer, though these are not previously reported on the vocal cord, and this lesion's duration is longer than the typical aphthous ulcer.
Vocal cord ulcer (2 of 2)
Closer view, under narrow-band light. The vessel pattern looks inflammatory and not neoplastic. There is heaped-up leukoplakia surrounding the lesion. After this lesion persisted for more than four months, it was removed. Tissue examination showed inflammatory response and keratosis without atypia.
Synechia (1 of 3)
This woman developed a sore throat and lost her voice a week after a chemotherapy treatment for her metastatic breast cancer. Here, 6 weeks later, note the hazy area representing resolving “ulcerative” laryngitis (surrounded by tiny dotted line). There is a synechia attaching the cords together.
Attempted to detach (2 of 3)
The flexible scope has been used once to “twang upwards” from below in order to detach the cords from each other. At the arrow, slight separation can be seen.
Successfully detached (3 of 3)
Just after the second attempt. That is, for the second time, the scope was passed below the cords, angulated sharply underneath the synechia, and then pulled upwards. The adhesion has been released. Voice is instantly and dramatically restored (though still hoarse, of course).
Ulcerative laryngitis (1 of 4)
Severe ulcerative laryngitis. Mucosa has sloughed away in the area of the white patches, not yet re-mucosalized.
Six weeks later (2 of 4)
As is typical for ulcerative laryngitis, the mucosa takes 6 weeks or more to regenerate. This is six weeks after photo 1. Soon after this examination, voice returned to nearly-normal.
7 years later (3 of 4)
About 7 years later, the voice remains essentially normal. Still, in this standard light view, one can see a faint white area in the area of the original ulceration. This is better appreciated in the next photo.
Narrow band lighting (4 of 4)
Under narrow band light, the (originally) more deeply ulcerated right vocal cord (left of photo) remains more avascular than the left (right of photo), where the capillary pattern has returned, but still with a demarcated area of reduced micro-capillaries causing a whiter appearance.