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Search By Disorder

illustration of sensory neuropathic cough

Coughing Disorders

These are certain chronic cough disorders:

Nonorganic cough

Sensory neuropathic cough (SNC)

 

Benign Mucosal Lesions

Vocal Cord Vibratory Injuries

Common disorders that affect the voice are vibration-induced lesions, or injuries, of the surface layer of the vocal cords, called mucosa. This kind of injury usually happens when a person overuses or abuses his or her voice:

Bruising

Capillary ectasia

Epidermoid cyst

Glottic furrow

Glottic sulcus

Indicator lesions

Mucosal bridge

Mucosal edema or swelling

Nodule

Open epidermoid cyst

Polyp

  | Hemorrhagic polyp

Polypoid degeneration
(aka Reinke’s edema or smoker’s polyps)

Submucosal fibrosis

Tumors

Benign Tumors

A tumor is considered benign if it doesn’t pose the threat of invading or spreading to other tissues:

Amyloidosis

Chondroma

Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis

  | Caused by human papillomavirus (HPV)

Malignant Tumors

A tumor is considered malignant if it has the potential to invade or spread to other tissues:

Cancer

Carcinoma

  | Carcinoma in situ (CIS)

  | Verrucous carcinoma

Sarcoma

Voice Disorders

Functional Voice Disorders

Functional voice disorders arise not from abnormality of the mechanism itself but instead from abnormal use of the mechanism, affected by personality or deficit of vocal skill, without discernible secondary gain.


Neurological Voice Disorders

Disorders of the nervous system (neurological) can affect the voice in different ways:

Essential voice tremor

Spasmodic dysphonia, a kind of focal dystonia of the larynx; also, laryngeal dystonia

| Abductor spasmodic dysphonia; also called intermittent whisper phonation

| Adductor spasmodic dysphonia

| Atypical spasmodic dysphonia

| Classic variant spasmodic dysphonia

| Mixed AB-AD spasmodic dysphonia

| Tonic variant spasmodic dysphonia

| SLAD-R

Palate paralysis

Paralyzed vocal cords

| Vocal cord paralysis, bilateral

| Vocal cord paralysis, unilateral

| Superior laryngeal nerve (SLN) paralysis

Parkinson’s disease-related voice change

Pharyngeal paralysis

Vocal cord paresis

| LCA-only paresis

| TA-only paresis

| TA + LCA paresis

| PCA-only paresis

| IA-only paresis


Nonorganic Voice Disorder

Nonorganic voice disorders arise not from abnormality of the mechanism itself but instead from abnormal use of the mechanism, most often for conscious or subconscious secondary gain.


Miscellaneous Voice Disorders

These are other disorders that affect the voice or otherwise involve the larynx:

Ankylosis

Arytenoid chondritis / perichondritis

Bilateral vocal cord fixation

Bowing of the vocal cords

Breathy dysphonia

Breathy-pressed phonation or dysphonia

Dysphonia

Flaccidity of vocal cords

Fracture of larynx

Histoplasmosis

Inability to burp or belch

Intubation injury

Marfan syndrome

Necrosis

Perimenopausal voice change

Phonatory insufficiency

Presbylarynx

Presbyphonia

Scarring

Vocal cord scissoring

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Search By Diagnostics

Methodologies

These different diagnostic models or methodologies affect which diagnostic procedures and tools are relied upon or, whether explicitly or in practice, viewed as optional:

Integrative diagnostic model

Reductionistic or technology-driven diagnostic model

Traditional diagnostic model

Types of Clinicians

These are the primary types of clinicians who focus on diagnosing and treating voice, swallowing, airway, and coughing disorders:

 

Speech-language pathologist

  | Singing voice qualified

Laryngologist

Otolaryngologist

Vocologist

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Treatment for Voice & Larynx Disorders

Other Useful Terms

Types of Procedures

These are general types or categories of procedures used for treatment:

Endoscopic surgery

Inpatient surgery vs. outpatient surgery

Laser surgery


Common Tools

These are different tools used more generally in the process of treatment:

Endotracheal tube

Laser

  | RevoLix laser

Local anesthesia vs. general anesthesia

  | Xylocaine

Sedation


Treatment Strategies

These are different kinds of general treatment strategies: