Larynx Lipoma

Lipoma is a benign fatty tumor that can occur in any part of the body. On the neck or some other unseen part of the body, it does not require removal. But in the larynx, slow enlargement may disturb voice or even breathing, and therefore these tumors need to be removed. Removal needs to be […]

Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis (RRP) and Other HPV-Induced Lesions

A disorder in which wart-like tumors or other lesions grow recurrently within a person’s airway. These growths are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), and they may occur anywhere in a person’s airway, such as on the vocal cords (by far the most common site), in the supraglottic larynx, or in the trachea. If these […]


Chondroma is a benign growth composed of cartilage cells. Chondroma of Thyroid Cartilage Tags


A condition in which abnormal proteins (called amyloids) become deposited in the spaces between cells. In some cases, the cause of amyloidosis is a systemic disorder in which the body over-produces proteins—for example, multiple myeloma, a blood disease; in this scenario, the amyloid deposits can be dispersed widely across the body. In other cases, the […]

Verrucous Carcinoma

Verrucous carcinoma is a variant of squamous cell carcinoma (SCCA). In the head and neck, this uncommon subtype of SCCA is seen most often in the oral cavity or on the vocal cords. Visually, it tends to have an exophytic (outward-growing) and wartlike, irregular surface. This variant of SCCA is typically less aggressive than other squamous cell carcinomas. Local […]


A sarcoma is a malignant tumor that originates in mesenchymal tissue. Mesenchymal tissue comprises muscle, bone, fat, connective tissue, blood vessels, and cartilage. If, instead, a malignancy originates in lining or covering tissues—which includes skin, bronchial tubes, the lining of the mouth, throat, and gastrointestinal tract, and breast and salivary gland ducts—then that tumor is […]

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Infection of the Larynx

A DNA virus that may cause cutaneous warts, genital warts, or the clinical condition recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) in susceptible individuals. Human papillomavirus (HPV) may occur in as many as 150 or more subtypes. The most common subtypes seen in patients with RRP are HPV 6 and 11. Other less common subtypes that can induce […]

Carcinoma In Situ (CIS)

Carcinoma in situ (CIS) is a lesion comprised of “cancer cells,” but with those cells limited to the lining mucosa and without evidence of extension to adjacent structures. In other words, there is no sign of invasion beyond the mucosa. CIS is typically a localized and highly curable precursor to invasive cancer. It is sometimes called […]


Carcinoma is a malignancy originating in the tissues that line the surfaces and cavities of the body. See also: cancer, carcinoma in situ, and verrucous carcinoma. Radiation Mucositis Laser Surgery for Bilateral Vocal Cord Cancer Tumor in Trachea Vocal Cord Cancer Vocal Cord Cancer, before, during, and after Radiation Hypopharyngeal Cancer, before and after Surgery […]


Cancer A malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division. The hallmark of cancer is its potential ability to invade neighboring tissue or to spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system or the bloodstream. Early cancers may have done neither, remaining localized to the tissue of origin. […]